Emergency First Aid and CPR: Key Guidelines to Save Lives

First aid and CPR training in practice.

Introduction:  

In any emergency, the ability to administer first aid and perform CPR is crucial—it can be the difference between life and death. Being equipped with these skills, whether you’re at home, work, or elsewhere, empowers you to act decisively and potentially save lives. This guide offers straightforward rules for first aid and CPR that are easy to learn and execute during critical moments.

Understanding the Importance of First Aid and CPR:  

First aid and CPR are essential for stabilizing someone experiencing a medical emergency until professional help arrives. Prompt response in situations like sudden cardiac arrest, choking, or severe injuries can drastically improve survival chances and minimize long-term health issues.

Easy-to-Remember Rules for Emergency First Aid and CPR:

1. Check the Scene: Ensure your safety first by assessing the environment for potential hazards. It’s vital to confirm that helping others won’t put you at risk. A good way to process is to follow the rule: STOP-THINK-ACT.

2. Check for Responsiveness: Tap the person lightly on the collar bone and loudly ask, “Are you okay?” Watch for any signs of responsiveness, such as movements or noises. If they do not respond, call out for help and dial emergency services immediately.

HOW TO MAKE AN EMEGENCY CALL?

Did you know that there is a specific 112 app in Finland you can use to do you emergency call? It is free to download and use.

3. Open the Airway: For an unresponsive person who isn’t breathing normally, tilt their head back and lift their chin to clear the airway. Check for breathing by looking, listening, and feeling for up to 10 seconds. Start CPR if they are not breathing normally

4. Remember the ABCs of CPR: CPR, or Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation, involves:

   – A: Airway – Open the airway as previously described.

   – B: Breathing – Deliver rescue breaths by pinching the nose shut, covering the mouth with yours fully, and giving two strong breaths.

   – C: Circulation – Conduct chest compressions by placing one hand on the center of the chest, the other hand on top, and pressing down firmly and quickly, aiming for 100 to 120 compressions per minute.

5. Use an AED (Automated External Defibrillator): If accessible, apply an AED to deliver an electrical shock in an attempt to restore a normal heart rhythm. Adhere strictly to the AED’s instructions.

USEFUL TIP: How to find your nearest AED device? In Finland there is a register for AED devices. You can find your nearest defibrillator on the map in this link. 

6. Control Bleeding: For severe bleeding, press directly on the wound with a clean cloth or bandage. If feasible, elevate the affected limb and maintain pressure until professional help arrives.

7. Treat for Shock: If the individual exhibits shock symptoms like pale skin, rapid breathing, or a faint pulse, lay them down and lift their legs. This position aids blood flow to vital organs. Keep the person warm and calm until emergency services take over.

Conclusion:  

We can say that first aid skills are civic skills. Preparation and knowledge of first aid and CPR are life-saving. Do practice and refresh your skills regularly so you will know what to do in case of an emergency. Our Emergency First Aid eLearning course is an easy way to start to learning this important field or refresh your skills.

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First aid and CPR training in practice.
Emergency First Aid and CPR: Key Guidelines to Save Lives
Introduction:   In any emergency, the ability to administer first aid and perform CPR is crucial—it can be the difference between life and death. Being equipped with these skills, whether you’re at home, work, or elsewhere, empowers you to act decisively and potentially save lives. This guide offers straightforward rules for first aid and CPR that […]
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